History Ancient Coconut Island
Samui" (Samui Island)
- This name has been known among ancient boatman for
a long time. "Khwan Fa",
a stone ax used to hunt animals with during the stone age, was
found here leading us to believe that human beings had been
living on this island during that period. The most important
archeological evidence was found in 2520 B.E. (1977 A.D.) in
the area of Wat Talingpang (Wat Kiriwongkaram), Talingpang Village.
is a "Glong Mahoratuek Samrid"
(Mahoratuek Samrid Drum), which is now kept
at Chaiya National Museum, Suratthani Province. This kind of
drum was also found at Moo 6 Mared Village (Baan Lamai) in July
2000 and now is housed at the Lamai Cultural Hall.
These evidences are the best proof that the people on Koh Samui
had made contact with people outside the island before recorded
hostory, trading their goods from the sea and the exchange of
the cultures. The Glong Mahoratuek
is considered to be a part of the Dong
Son culture that has its origins around the
Thun Hua District located in the north
of Veitnam. On The drum a boat
delivering souls is depicted with its head tail curled a little
bit upward. In the boat are bird and 5 or 6 half bird half man
cretures with their heads decorated with feathers. This type
of boat is believed to have been made from some kind of grass,
the same kind as the first grass boats seen in Egyptian paintngs.
This drum was popular in Southeast Asia. It has been found in
Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and on the islands
to the soth. The discovery of archaeological sea resources in
2527 B. E. (1984 A. D.), by archaeologists from the Fine Arts
Depaetment, found that Samui islanders had traded with people
from near and afar since the Ayuttaya Era. Evidence of this
is shown by the discovery of "
Rua Samui" ("
Samui Boat" , named so because of the location
where it was found). It is a sampan with a flat body
which contained many examples of the pottery of that period.
It was found sunk under the water about half way between Koh
Samui and koh Taen (an island south of Koh Samui). Most of the
pottery found were products of Srisatchanalai and Mae Nam Noi,
Singburi Province. The pots were of all sizes and some had four
handles. There were cooking pots, jugs, cooking ovens, Sangkalok
porcelain and celadon. There was also porcelain and celadon
made in China, bronze-coated utensils from the Ayuttaya Era,
and short rounded stone tables.
discovery suggests that the sampan sailed around southeast Asia.
There isn't enough evidence to conclude if the boat carried
other goods. Even though porcelains were found, they amounted
to a very small number compared to the size of the boat. Coconuts
were also found on the boat which could half been either provisions
or goods or both. It is hard to tell the quantity of coconuts
it carried because a lot of them could have floated away when
the sampan sank. It is very possible that coconuts might have
been a major part of the cargo carried in the Samui sampan.
Koh Samui has been the land of coconuts for a very long time
and therefore it is possible that the Samui sampan had sailed
from a port north of the Gulf of Thailand and stopped at Koh
Samui to load up and then it headed south to Nakornsrithammarat
or Pattalung. However it sank before completing the trip. This
last trip could have been around the 23rd to the beginning of
the 24th buddhist Century, which was around the end of the Ayuttaya